This blog talks about all the necessary conditions required to start a profitable fruit farm.
Fruit production is an important horticultural sector with enormous economic value.
This is a lucrative alternative for using the land. Farmers can obtain better fruit harvests from advanced fruit farming technology today. However, demand determines profitability in large part. If there is a market for your fruit, your fruit farming will be profitable. Fruit harvests with the highest profits are in high demand. Location, demand, environment, and ease of growing the tree are the primary factors that determine a fruit tree’s profitability.
Steps to obtain a profitable fruit farm
1. Choosing a suitable land
The land location required for growing fruits is just as important as the varieties planted in determining the success of farming. In fact, the level of productivity and profit that can be achieved even under the best management is constrained by both variety and site. The two elements of land that define its suitability for farming are soil conditions and microclimatic conditions (climate at plant height, as impacted by slight variances in soil, soil cover, and elevation) in the majority of developed fruit regions. Sometimes, the cost of transportation to the market must be considered (especially with highly perishable crops).
2. Soil and correct planting methods
Most fruit trees need to root deeply to a depth of three feet (one meter) or more to be most productive. Shallow, weak root systems that do not adequately absorb water and nutrients from the soil can result from heavy subsoil or other factors producing poor internal drainage. Saline soil formation in a subsurface layer of fruit trees restricts rooting, creates aberrant foliar symptoms, and decreases yields in semi-arid and arid locations. In subsoils with poor drainage, tiling and surface ditching can reduce water accumulation and dry areas on otherwise good sites. Specific irrigation management and recurrent leaching in saline soils may lessen the deleterious salt effects.
3. Maintaining proper spacings
The best planting strategy for fruit farming is determined by growth, flowering habits, and light requirements on the one hand and management issues on the other. To attain the maximum yields and greatest operational efficiency on a given plot of ground, there is a trend toward using dwarfing stocks, growth control agents, closer planting and training, or all of them.
For instance, grape spacing of eight to nine feet [1,500 plants per hectare] often yields the highest vineyard produce.
4. Making arrangements for irrigation and drainage
After choosing a location, it is cleaned, levelled (if necessary), and planted. After that, the appropriate road, irrigation, and drainage systems are set up. However, drip irrigation systems are proven to be the most effective irrigation method. Then the placements of the plant or row positions are decided by the contour terraces and streams developed. Contour planting is necessary to control erosion and conserve moisture in rolling or sloping terrain.
5. Eliminating the pest and diseases
Diseases and pests attack causes a great reduction in yield. Thus, fumigation is required before planting on older lands due to nematode or other pest infestations.
Pest control is often the most costly and time-consuming aspect of cultivating fruits and vegetables. A common biological pest control method is the selection of varieties that are immune, attack-resistant, or tolerant to particular pests. However, chemical control methods are the ones that are most frequently used. Air-blast spray or mist-application equipment that can cover 70 acres (28 hectares) or more trees in a single day is now widely used.
6. Choosing the right amount of fertilizers
Growers must provide the fruits with enough water and nourishment to thrive and bear fruit after being planted. One should add fertilizer if the soil is deficient in nutrients for their plants. Growers can use commercial fertilizer or fertilizer in the form of compost or manure, such as bat guano or chicken manure. The natural fertility of the soil that supports fruit plants and the specific needs of each plant determine the need for fertilizers.
- Growing a succession of leguminous cover crops for a year or more before planting.
- Applying a fertilizer containing major elements (nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, sulphur) and some trace elements (iron, manganese, boron, zinc, copper, molybdenum)
These methods are helpful in extremely infertile sites or sites where the physical condition of the surface soil is poor.
The most profitable fruits for farming
In India, bananas are in high demand, particularly during the winter. Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka are the primary growing regions for them. Bananas are sold everywhere, even throughout the summer. They are among the fruits that are most frequently consumed in the nation. This plant’s main advantage is that it can be grown all year round. High-tech methods for growing bananas can increase output and revenue. This tropical plant needs a warm, humid atmosphere to thrive.
Bananas can, however, be grown in environments with temperatures between 15 and 35 °C.
Being a heavy feeder, bananas depend heavily on the richness of the soil for effective production. One of the rare fruits with a constrained root zone is the banana fruit. Therefore, the two most crucial factors in choosing the soil for the banana are depth and drainage. Bananas are important to small-scale producers in developing nations in the tropics and subtropics.
Bananas are, therefore,well-liked for their low cost and excellent nutritional content. The average yield of bananas per acre varies from 30 to thousand fruit units for plantain to 100 thousand fruit units for bananas. One acre of banana plantation has roughly 800 to 1,000 plants.
The guava is a popular tropical fruit and a profitable crop with good nutritional value.
Commercial guava farming is a booming industry in agriculture. In India, guava growing has the potential to be a very profitable profession. Guava grows more effectively when rainy weather, although drainage is also crucial. Irrigate the plants once a week throughout the dry season and every three weeks during the winter, depending on the climate. The drip irrigation system is the best choice for improved plant growth and preventing fungal growth.
Among the common fruits that Indian farmers grow for trade, grapes continue to be in high demand. They can also be utilized in industries to make alcohol, jam, and raisins. It is obvious that there is a rising demand for Indian grapes on the international market, even if just a small fraction of the fruits are shipped from India to other countries.
Another fruit that is the finest option for commercial production is the apple. This fruit is one of the most profitable fruits both worldwide and domestically due to the increasing demand. Additionally, there is a significant industrial demand for it.
How can Fasal assist?
- Fasal is a full-stack platform for horticulturists.
- Our technology believes in revolution, a total rethinking of managing and practising agriculture.
- We believe that farmers deserve solutions that can improve their lives by reducing their risks and expenses while raising their profits. Fasal is aware of the unique characteristics of cultivating tropical fruit, as well as the difficulties it encounters and the answers it requires.
- By offering specialized crop management advice to accommodate the inherent heterogeneity of the soil and microclimate at any location, our technology helps farmers to achieve higher yields.
- Utilizing its sensors, Fasal technology helps in lowering the danger of fruit disease infection. Our device also monitors the temperature, humidity, rainfall, forecasts of canopy levels, and an ultra hyper-local macroclimatic forecast to alert farmers when conditions are favourable for the spread of disease.
- Fasal also assists farmers in selling their produce at higher rates by providing Sorting, Grading, Packaging, and Logistics services.
- Fasal is always working to improve the lives of farmers and assist them in achieving higher yields.
We would love to talk to you and help you understand more about Fasal.