In this blog you will learn about the top vegetable crops that grow best in the cold temperatures.
India is the world’s second-largest producer of vegetables. Different varieties of vegetables are grown in India. We are all aware that each crop requires a unique set of climatic conditions to thrive. Winter season is just around the corner. If you are planning to grow vegetables this winter, you are at the right place. This blog will guide you through planting the best vegetables in the winter season. You can get good results with a bit of planning and preparation.
- Due to its exceptional cold hardiness, spinach is a fantastic crop to grow during the winter. September to October is the optimal period for planting this vegetable. It can be cultivated on any kind of soil with adequate drainage. But when planted on sandy loam and alluvial soil, it produces good results.
- Ploughing 2-3 times should be done to prepare the soil. After ploughing, level the soil to ensure a homogeneous bed formation.
- Line sowing and broadcasting are two sowing techniques. Use a plant-to-plant distance of 5–10 cm and a row-to-row distance of 25–30 cm.
- Depending on the variety, the crop is ready for first cutting 25–30 days after sowing.
- Cauliflower is the most essential vegetable crop produced for its white and delicate head. This vegetable contains a significant amount of protein, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, and ascorbic acid. It is a wonderful winter choice because it flourishes best in cold, moist climates.
- It may grow in a variety of soil types as long as they are nutrient-rich. While clay loam soils are better suited for high yields with an ideal pH range of 6-7. The land is prepared by deeply ploughing it to achieve a good tilth.
- For late varieties, October until the beginning of November is the best time to transplant. The required spacing for the winter season variety is 45×30 cm.
- Harvesting can be done after proper head development.
- Chukandar, often known as beetroot, is a feasible choice for growers this winter. Due to the demand, the cultivator can earn the highest income. Beetroot is the world’s second most important sugar crop.
- It is a crop with a short growing season and can be harvested in 6-7 months. It is among the top 10 vegetables harvested in India and is simple to grow.
- The best soil type for growing beetroot is sandy loam. The best period to plant beetroot is between mid-October and mid-November.
- The right amount of moisture should be present on the field for successful seed production.
- From mid-April through the end of May, harvesting takes place.
- Coriander grows best in the wintertime of the year. It is grown extensively in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan in India.
- It may grow on any sort of soil, but well-drained loamy soils are preferred. The pH range of the soil should be 8–10. The first week of October is the best time to sow vegetables.
- Maintain a row-to-row distance of 30 cm and a plant-to-plant spacing of 15 cm. The first irrigation should be provided shortly after sowing. At intervals of 10 to 12 days, subsequent irrigations should be provided.
- Harvest the vegetable when it reaches maturity and shows a good amount of leaf growth.
5. Green peas
- Peas are a cool-season crop that is grown all over the world. It’s grown in Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, and Bihar in India.
- It may thrive on various soil types, including clay and sandy loam. It performs best when planted in soil that drains well and has a pH range of 6 to 7.5.
- To maximise yield, complete the sowing between the end of October and the middle of November.
- After harvesting the crop, plough once to twice to create a good seed bed. As soon as the peas start turning from dark to green, harvesting could begin. Within the space of 6 to 10 days, multiple pickings, such as 4 to 5 picklings, can be completed.
- Another popular winter vegetable, radish is a great option for cultivation throughout the colder months.
- It can be cultivated on any type of soil, however light friable, sandy loam soil produces the greatest results. The best time to sow winter varieties of radish (Japanese white) is between November and December. Line sowing and broadcasting are two sowing techniques.
- Radish is suitable for harvesting 25–60 days after seeding, depending on the variety. Plants are manually uprooted during harvesting.
- It is among the most often used root vegetables. The length, shape, texture, and colour of carrots vary depending on the kind.
- Deep, loose loamy soils are necessary for carrots to develop their roots properly. The pH of the soil should be between 5.5 and 7 for maximum production.
- Raised beds or ridged beds are used for direct seeding.
- Depending on the cultivar, edible roots can be harvested 80 to 100 days after the seeds are sown.
- Fine soil tillage is necessary to prevent root blockage in carrots.
- Turnip is primarily grown during the winter. This crop is unable to withstand extreme heat and inconsistent water supply.
- While turnips can be grown in a wide range of soil types, they perform best on loamy soils that are rich in organic matter. For healthy growth, the soil should have a pH of 5.5 to 6.8.
- To cultivate turnips, plough the ground well and remove all weeds and clods. The optimal months to sow Indian types are August and September, whereas European cultivars should be sown in the months of October and November.
- Applying irrigation after sowing will assist in excellent germination. Turnips required five to six irrigations in total.
- Turnip roots should be pulled out once they have reached the marketable size, which is between 5 and 10 cm in diameter, depending on the variety.
- Consider planting late-season cabbage if you want to harvest fresh vegetables during winter. The majority of this Brassica’s variants can withstand a slight frost, although some cultivars can withstand temperatures as low as 20°F.
- Cabbage is primarily grown in the plains region of India throughout the winter. It performs best when planted on loamy soil that has strong moisture retention ability and is well drained. The pH of the soil should be between 5.5 and 6.5.
- The best planting season for plantations is from September to October. When the head is fully developed and has a hard texture, harvesting is safe.
- Broccoli is a fantastic winter garden option because it can withstand frost and thrive in colder climates. It also contains calcium and vitamins. The crop has a 3.3% protein level and a high vitamin A and C content. Fresh, frozen, or as salad are the main marketing methods for it.
- The soil must be moist for broccoli to grow properly and vigorously. Broccoli cultivation is best done in well-drained soil with a high fertiliser concentration. The best pH range for broccoli growing is between 5.0 and 6.5.
- The best time to plant seeds is between mid-August and mid-September.
- Harvesting of broccoli typically occurs when the heads reach a size that is marketable.
Winter vegetables are typically planted between August and November. The low light intensity, low temperatures, and weather conditions are optimal for growing a variety of vegetables over the winter. However, in the winter, freeze damage and frost can impact a large number of vegetable growers. Farmers should take appropriate measures to protect their winter vegetables from frost damage. If the crops are taken care of nicely one can get excellent yields. So, what are you waiting for? This season, cultivate the best vegetables possible.
How can Fasal assist?
Fasal is a full-stack platform for farmers in the horticultural industry. We provide farmers with farm-level, crop-specific, and crop-stage level solutions with the aid of our IoT-enabled device. From the day of sowing to harvest, we provide farmers with optimal solutions. Our goal is to assist horticulture farmers in finding solutions to their challenges.
We would love to talk to you and help you understand more about Fasal.